Bova Marina

Bova Marina

Things to do - general

Situated between Capo Crisafi, Capo San Giovanni d’Avalos and the Amendolea River, Bova Marina was founded in relatively recent times as a satellite of inland Bova.
The ancient port of Bova, in Greek Yalo tu Vùa, Bova Marina, became an urban settlement in its own right during the late nineteenth century, on the bay at the San Giovanni D’Avalos Cape, the Ionian Sea’s most elegant headland.
The hamlet of Bova Marina was built, in fact, in the nineteenth century at the behest of the then bishop of Bova, Mons. Dalmazio D’Andrea, who purchased considerable amounts of land on the banks of the Sideroni River to give to the poor. This event is recalled in a plaque on the façade of Bova Marina’s Church of the Immacolata, founded by the same bishop. Bova Marina grew during the period of urbanisation of the Ionian coast caused by a series of favourable circumstances. The construction of the railway line and of the SS 106 highway. Also, increases in revenue due to the cultivation of the gradually-reclaimed alluvial plains, no longer the target of the Turkish invasions that had threatened these shores at the beginning of the nineteenth century. In the seventeenth century, the present plain where the seaside town grew up was called simply the “small plain”, to distinguish it from that of San Pasquale which was called the “great plain”. In 1910, this small fishing village became a municipality in its own right, as little by little, citizens from inland Bova, who found it increasingly advantageous to earn their living by cultivating bergamot, later jasmine as well, moved to the coast.

TOWNLANDS AND LOCALITIES

Amygdalià, Apàmbelo, Borgo, Centro, Costa dei Saraceni, Fondo Vena, Mesofugna, San Pasquale.

 HISTORY

Jalò tu Vùa is a particularly rich historical area and one of the Bovesìa’s most prominent archaeological locations. Its prestige is extraordinary thanks, in particular,  to the archaeological finds bought to light in the Deri district of the San Pasquale valley during surveys carried out by Liliana Costamagna between 1983 and 1987. The site, in addition to revealing traces of a tenth-century BC proto-historic settlement, contains the ruins of a Roman villa, an aqueduct and a number of tombs, as well as the foundations of a building from the fourth century A.D., identified as a synagogue, as testified by its mosaic floor bearing symbols of the Jewish iconographic tradition: a menorah, a shofar and cedar and palm leaves. It seems to be the oldest of its kind in the West after that of Ostia Antica.

The synagogue stood in a location containing other buildings, and, therefore, seems to indicate the existence of a small village near the sea, once linking Reggio with the other towns on the Ionian coast.

This locality appears to be the ancient Scyle, which features in different ways in ancient Itineraria. This fact is confirmed, it would seem, by the presence of Scillàca as a place name in the Deri district.

Many prehistoric settlements [70] have come to light again around the Bova Marina area, especially some belonging to the Neolithic, Copper and Bronze Ages. The oldest in the Umbro vicinity, 200 metres above sea level and close to the new road linking Bova Marina and Bova, was originally inhabited from about the first half of the sixth millennium BC to 4000 BC as well as during the during later Copper Age. Among the most distinctive findings brought to light is a ritual deposit of ceramic containers, associated, most likely, with the abandonment of the site, and buildings dating back to the sixth millennium BC that seem to have been dwelling places. The excavations have also uncovered some typical samples of Neolithic material: ceramics bearing engraved decorations, utensils in chipped stone, stone axes, tools made from flint and obsidian, plain and decorated vases.

EXPLORING THE TOWN

Bova Marina provides those interested in learning about the oldest cultural aspects of the area with the opportunity of following the grand Parco archeologico Archeoderi [Archeoderi Archaeological Park] route through the San Pasquale neighbourhood. Here it is possible to visit the locality surrounding the synagogue, and view, inside the Antiquarium, several finds dating from the Neolithic, Bronze, and Magna-Grecian-Byzantine ages, besides the above mentioned, precious Jewish mosaic.

Continuing along the valley, it is also possible to visit the ruins of the small Byzantine church of the Panagia – one of the many places of worship found along the Byzantine-age route of the Italo-Greek saints – whose circular structure recalls the baptistery of Santa Severina and the Cattolica di Stilo.

By way of further testimony to the area’s Byzantine rite, on top of a small hill and nestling amid olive trees and broom, stand the ruins of another Byzantine gem, the tiny tenth-century church of San Niceto in the Apambelo locality.

In Bova Marina we find the headquarters of the I.R.S.S.E.C. [Istituto Regionale Superiore Studi Elleno Calabri- The Higher Regional Institute for Greek-Calabrian Studies] where, one can follow a recently-inaugurated presentation of the course of traditional local crafts at the Museo della Civiltà Contadina [The Museum of Peasant Civilization], which greatly enhances the town’s cultural services.

Furthermore, to safeguard the language and culture of the Greeks of Calabria, two territorial organisations, Odisseas and Jalò tu Vùa, are particularly active.

The San Giovanni d’Avalos headland or “Ten arcan tou Boòs” [Bova Point], as it is called in an eleventh-century Byzantine document, is particularly fascinating. On the crest of the lovely promontory, which the Greeks dedicated to Hercules, stand a number of monuments. Symbolically recollective of the history of the Graecanic coastal area, they include, a sixteenth-century chivalric tower, a small eighteenth-century church, sponsored by a family of aristocratic patrons, the Marzano, and a huge bronze statue of the Madonna del Mare [Our Lady of the Sea], brought here by helicopter in 1962. Devotion to the Virgin, celebrated here during the first week in August, with a suggestive procession to the sea, is associated with the presence, once, of a church dedicated to Our Lady of Porto Salvo, which stood at the foot of the promontory until, at the end of the seventeenth century, a violent tidal wave wiped it out completely. The feast of Our Lady of Porto Salvo is related to its role as a leeward haven that Capo San Giovanni d’Avalos played through the ages. The Skile statio found in the vicinity of San Pasquale, as well as the archaeological remains discovered at Tripepi, on the eastern outskirts of Bova Marina, were connected with the presence of a nearby commercial maritime port, as well as the Sideroni and San Pasquale rivers.

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Comune Bova Marina
Area (km2)29,50
maps
longitudine37.9314
longitudine15.9185
Peoples4.155

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Bova Marina - Festa Madonna del Mare 4 (Enzo Galluccio)

La Madonna del Mare [Our Lady of the Sea]

The Feast Day of Our Lady of the Sea [la Madonna del Mare] is celebrated yearly at Bova Marina during the first week of August. This is a religious recurrence which attracts devotees and arouses the curiosity of tourists who holiday on the beaches of Calabria’s Ionian Seashore every year. On the promontory of San […]

Rio Rosa B&B

Rio Rosa B&B

Via Torrente Vena, snc , Bova Marina
Rio Rosa is the brainchild of a well-known Milanese lawyer who, tired of the metropolis, returned to continua
A visit to the Archeoderi archaeological site and its treasures

A visit to the Archeoderi archaeological site and its treasures

Bova Marina
The San Pasquale site bears witness to the fact that this area has been inhabited since the Neolithi
DIVING at Capo San Giovanni

DIVING at Capo San Giovanni

Bova Marina
Capo San Giovanni at Bova Marina The story of an underwater itinerary by Francesco Turano, written e
EXCURSION to the little church of S.Niceto

EXCURSION to the little church of S.Niceto

Bova Marina
Technical data Municipality: Bova Marina Difficulty: E Elevation difference: negligible Altitude: ro
Archeoderi Archeological Park

Archeoderi Archeological Park

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


Archaeological digs show that as far back as Neolithic times the cult of a Mother Goddess was practiced here, while there is documentary evidence of r...

Archeological excavations of Umbro

Archeological excavations of Umbro

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


At about 4 kilometres from the coast, close to the boundary between the towns of Bova and Bova Marina, lies the archaeological site of Umbro. At the f...

Church of  S. Niceto

Church of S. Niceto

Location Bova Marina
Tipochiese


In the Apàmbelo locality, at about 70 metres above the Vena River, stand the ruins of the small San Niceto church (tenth century), measuring about 6...

Panaghulla Archeological Area

Panaghulla Archeological Area

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


Following the course of the San Pasquale river, the road cuts a Roman site, already known to scholars, in two. Here, in the Panaghia locality, there h...

Sanctuary of Madonna del Mare

Sanctuary of Madonna del Mare

Location Bova Marina
Tipochiese


On the 31st of May 1965, the bishop of Bova, Monsignor Aurelio Sorrentino, elevated to the status of Sanctuary the church on the Capo San Giovanni D...

The Hellenophone [Greek language] museum

The Hellenophone [Greek language] museum

Location Bova Marina
TipoMusei


Set up only recently in the lower ground floor of the Regional Institute of Higher Studies of Greek-Speaking Calabria [Istituto Regionale Superiore di...

Archeoderi Archeological Park

Archeoderi Archeological Park

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


Archaeological digs show that as far back as Neolithic times the cult of a Mother Goddess was practiced here, while there is documentary evidence of r...

Archeological excavations of Umbro

Archeological excavations of Umbro

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


At about 4 kilometres from the coast, close to the boundary between the towns of Bova and Bova Marina, lies the archaeological site of Umbro. At the f...

Church of  S. Niceto

Church of S. Niceto

Location Bova Marina
Tipochiese


In the Apàmbelo locality, at about 70 metres above the Vena River, stand the ruins of the small San Niceto church (tenth century), measuring about 6...

Panaghulla Archeological Area

Panaghulla Archeological Area

Location Bova Marina
TipoAree Archeologiche


Following the course of the San Pasquale river, the road cuts a Roman site, already known to scholars, in two. Here, in the Panaghia locality, there h...

Sanctuary of Madonna del Mare

Sanctuary of Madonna del Mare

Location Bova Marina
Tipochiese


On the 31st of May 1965, the bishop of Bova, Monsignor Aurelio Sorrentino, elevated to the status of Sanctuary the church on the Capo San Giovanni D...

The Hellenophone [Greek language] museum

The Hellenophone [Greek language] museum

Location Bova Marina
TipoMusei


Set up only recently in the lower ground floor of the Regional Institute of Higher Studies of Greek-Speaking Calabria [Istituto Regionale Superiore di...